The Yorkshire Regiment
Three months into their eight-month Operational deployment to Estonia, the 1st Battalion spearheads the 1000-strong Multinational Battlegroup as part of the UK’s commitment to NATO’s Enhanced Forward Presence in the Baltic states. Working alongside Estonian and Danish soldiers, and supported by Tanks, Engineers and Artillery, the Battlegroup is conducting both low-level training and large-scale manoeuvres across the complex terrain of Estonia. The eagerly anticipated harsh winter climate will provide a unique opportunity for the YORKS soldiers to experience Arctic Warfare training, both dismounted and mounted within their Warrior Armoured Fighting Vehicles.
1 YORKS will return to their home base in Warminster in March 2019, before a move back to Yorkshire in the summer of 2020.
Commanding Officer 1 YORKS, Lt Col ‘Badger’ Miller says “Having taken over the Battalion in Estonia, I have been hugely impressed with the drive and determination of our Yorkshire soldiers. As the largest UK Battlegroup currently deployed on Operations, our mission could not be more rewarding. It is a huge privilege to work alongside our Estonian and Danish counterparts again, having set the foundations on past operations in Afghanistan, and we look forward to the challenges ahead, especially during the Baltic winter. The support that we are receiving from those back home, both in Warminster and Yorkshire, is very much appreciated, especially as the temperature is dropping and the amount of sunlight is fading by the day”.
Warrior Armoured Fighting Vehicle
1YORKS main Armoured Fighting Vehicle. Warrior has the speed and perfomance to keep up with Challenger 2 main battle tanks as part of an armoured battlegroup. Warrior can operate over difficult terrain and has the firepower and armour to support Infantry in an assault. Each Warrior has a crew of 3 and can carry a section of 7 fully armed, dismounting soldiers.
The Scimitar armoured fighting vehicle's exceptionally low ground pressure and small size make it useful where the terrain is hostile and movement is difficult.
Scimitar carries a 30mm Rarden cannon for self-defence. It is used by reconnaissance regiments of the Royal Armoured Corps and 'recce' elements of the armoured infantry.
FV 430 Bulldog (Armoured Fighting Vehicle)
he FV 430 family of armoured vehicles entered service with the British Army in the 1960s, but regular maintenance and improvements including a new power train have enabled this old workhorse to remain in service into the 21st Century.
The FV432 can be converted for use in water, when it has a speed of 6km/h. Properly maintained, it is a rugged and reliable vehicle with a good cross country performance.
FV 430 variants remain in service with the infantry, as command vehicles, 81mm mortar carriers, ambulances and recovery vehicles.
A recent upgrade programme has seen the delivery of over 100 uparmoured and upgraded FV430 troop carriers (Bulldog). Mechanised infantry use the Bulldog APC as a form of protected mobility to move around the battlefield. Bulldog offers protection against small arms and artillery fire and provides good strategic and cross-country mobility.
For counter-insurgency operations the up-armoured FV430 provides a similar level of protection to Warrior and the vehicle is able to carry out many of the same tasks as Warrior, thereby relieving the pressure on heavily committed Warrior vehicles in armoured infantry battlegroups.
Javelin Anti-Tank Weapon
Javelin, the medium range anti-tank guided weapon replacement for Milan, is an enhanced version of the American weapon proven on operations in Iraq and Afghanistan by US forces.
The UK version has two significant enhancements - a more effective sight system and a tripod, for firing and observation. Javelin delivers longer range, greater lethality, significantly more powerful optics and a lighter load for the infantryman.
Although designed primarily to destroy tanks and light armoured vehicles, Javelin will also provide a potent, all-weather, day or night capability against fixed defences, such as bunkers and buildings.
The integrated sight allows the operator to acquire the target, lock-on, fire and 'forget'. This means that as soon as the missile is launched, the firer can acquire another target or move position. Javelin has a maximum range of 2500m, and overfly and direct attack modes of operation.
Javelin's surveillance and target acquisition performance is better than all other passive, ground mounted, battlegroup surveillance systems.
Javelin is a crew-served weapon operated by a firer and a controller/observer. The controller/observer commands the weapon and assists with loading, identifying targets and battlefield damage assessment.
The L16A2 81mm mortar is a Battlegroup level indirect fire weapon which is capable of providing accurate high explosive, smoke and illuminating rounds out to a maximum range of 5650m.
The mortar platoon, in mechanised and armoured infantry battalions, are mounted in and fire from armoured personnel carriers, increasing mobility and enabling rapid disengagement and movement to new fire positions.